10 types of compact discs

We use CDs for many purposes, to write songs, movies and even computer programs. But most of us are not aware of the CDs available in the market. Each of them has got specific purposes so while selecting a CD you should know which kind is suitable for your needs. 

Generally, there are two types of CDs available – Compact disc-recordable or CD-R and Compact disc-rewritable or CD-RW. To know more about them click here.

1. Audio CD

CD-R can be written once and reads as many times as we want. So the data inside CD-R is permanent. While CD-RW can be written, read or re-written anytime. Each of these has got different logical formats. Here we have listed ten such formats. There you go

Who doesn’t enjoy listening to music? Everyone does! We often look for mediums that provide you with great quality audio. So one such is audio CDs. They are officially named as Compact Disc Digital Audio or CD-DA, developed by Sony and Philips. The audio CDs belong to the Red Book document and the format is a 16-bit encoding at 44.1 kHz sampling rate.
To include song name, artist name or storage of additional text we use CD-text extension.  

While on the other hand if you want to include graphics data to display lyrics on the screen along with the audio, the compact disc contains the graphic extension is better. An upgraded version of this is also available to display text and video information while playing music. A CD maker could select a suitable cd according to your need.

2. Super Audio CD (SACD)

CDs have been one among those electronic inventions which constantly improved over time. From the time CDs invented till now, they are in use. The latest technologies influenced CDs to become more and more sophisticated.

The CD maker, Sony & Philips designed SACDs to provide highly accurate digital audio than the Red Book one. The SACD belongs to the Scarlet Book standard. It is a hybrid version which has both audio CD layer and SACD audio stream.

3. CD-MIDI

CD-MIDIs are mostly handled by professionals. They are used to store music performance data. Audio recording writes in these CDs is not digitally sampled.

4. CD-ROM

Many years back, we would use CDs only for storing audio files. After the Yellow Book CD-ROM standard was established by Sony & Philips, CDs are using for the storage of computer data as well. The physical format of CD-ROMs is like audio CDs but only readable by a computer with a CD-ROM drive.

5. Video CD (VCD)

VCD is also known as compact disc digital video. These formats are used for storing standard digital video files on a CD which only works in VCD players, DVD-Video players, personal computers, etc. Lifewire has written an informative article on 8 best CD players if you are interested check that out here . It belongs to the White Book standard, developed by Sony, Philips, Matsushita & JVC.
VCDs acted as a catalyst for the growth of the film industry to a considerable extent.

6. Super Video CD

Super Video CDs are similar to the VCD and DVD-Video formats. It has around 2/3rd the resolution of DVD and 2.7 times the resolution of VCD. The maximum video length a Super Video CD can carry is 100 minutes. 

7. Photo CD

As its name implies, these CDs are used for storing photos. It can hold up to 100 high-quality images, scanned prints and slides. Photo CDs belong to the Beige Book format, designed by Kodak. These formats play only on CD-i players, Photo CD player and the computer with suitable software. With the use of a Kodak machine, the photos can be printed out on a paper. 

8. CD-i

CD-i holds audio tracks that can be played on a regular CD player. Belongs to the Green Book standard and developed by Phillips. These discs will not work in CD-Rom drives.

9. Enhanced Music CD (CD+)

Enhanced Music CDs are also known as CD Extra or CD Plus. It contains both the audio track in the first session and data tracks in the second. Belongs to the Blue Book standard.

10. Vinyl Disc

From the name itself clear that Vinyl Disc is a hybrid version of standard audio CD and the Vinyl record. It is used for storing music files. The vinyl layer of the CD can hold up to 3 minutes of music. For those who love hearing music from a vinyl record, this one is the best alternative.

The invention of CD and DVD have helped many to get started with new business, a few among them are CD printer and DVD printer services, CD reproduction and DVD reproduction etc. For cheap cd pressing services from the best cd maker in the UK, contact us.

Top 10 music schools in the UK.

Music education gained importance over time. Nowadays, more people pursuing music as a career than a hobby, all because of the wide opportunity lies in front of them. To some extent, the sparkling success of millennial bands influenced more young minds to enrol in music professions.
If you are thinking to pursue music as a career, then keep reading! Here we have listed the top 10 music schools in the UK and the music courses they offer.

1. Durham University

Durham University is one of the oldest universities in the UK, situated in the North-east of England. It holds Triple-crown accreditation and offers undergraduate and postgraduate courses in music.

Bachelors programmes:

Music BA (Hons)
⦁ Full-time 3-year degree
⦁ The course syllabus is designed for educating both traditional and modern music.
For more details click here.

Music and Philosophy BA (Hons)
⦁ Full-time 3-year degree
⦁ An excellent choice for students interested in both disciplines.
For more details click here.

Music with Foundation BA (Hons)
⦁ Full-time 4-year degree
⦁ In the first year, students will learn the basics of music and the rest of the years follows Music BA (Hons) syllabus.
For more details click here.

2. The University of Manchester

The University of Manchester was formed in 2006. It ranked 27th in the QS World University Rankings 2020. Manchester University offers interdisciplinary studies of music, theatre and film.

Bachelors programme

Film Studies and Music BA (Hons)
⦁ Full-time 3-years
⦁ The course is designed to explore the interaction between film and music.
For more details click here.

Music BMus (Hons)
⦁ Full-time 3-years
⦁ Expert faculties and can actively participate in student-led music society that conducts concerts every year.
For more details click here.

Music and Drama BA (Hons)
⦁ Full-time 3-years
⦁ Helps in developing performance, writing, composition skills.
For more details click here.

Masters programme

MusM Composition (Electroacoustic Music and Interactive Media)
⦁ 1 year full-time or 2 years part-time
⦁ The course will either help in pursuing a career as a composer or a PhD in electroacoustic composition.
For more details click here.

MusM Composition (Instrumental and Vocal music)
⦁ 1 year full-time or 2 years part-time
⦁ Chances for work with professional musicians
For more details click here.

MusM Music (Ethnomusicology)
⦁ 1 year full-time or 2 years part-time
⦁ Helps to develop advanced skills for research works.
For more details click here.

MusM Music (Musicology)
⦁ 1 year full-time or 2 years part-time
⦁ Helps to develop a strong focus on theory and methodology in musicology
For more details click here.

Research programme

PhD Music (Musicology)

3. University of Cambridge

The University of Cambridge was founded in 1209 and it is the second-oldest university in English-speaking world. Over recent decades many notable personalities in British Music have taught and studied in Cambridge.

Bachelors programme

Music BA (Hons)
⦁ Full-time 3-years
⦁ Music graduates from Cambridge are extremely attractive to employers.
For more details click here.

Masters programme

MPhil in Music
⦁ 9 months full-time
⦁ Being able to attain sophisticated skills for research works.
For more details click here.

Research programme

PhD in Music

4. University of Southampton

The University of Southampton gained the university status on 29 April 1952. The main campus is located in the Highfield area of Southampton. Diverse categories of music programs are available in Southampton University.

Bachelors programme

Acoustics with Music BSc (Hons)
⦁ Full-time 3-years
⦁ Allows the student to learn both music and technology.
For more details click here.

English and Music BA (Hons)
⦁ Full-time 3-years
⦁ Students will have the opportunity to learn both English literature and music
For more details click here.

English and Music with Year Abroad BA (Hons)
⦁ Full-time 4 years
⦁ Opportunity to study abroad and learn a new language.
For more details click here.

French and Music (4 years) BA (Hons)
⦁ Full-time 4 years
⦁ Opportunity to study abroad in a French-speaking country and learn the French language.
For more details click here.

German and Music (4 years) BA (Hons)
⦁ Full-time 4 years
⦁ Opportunity to study abroad in a German-speaking country and learn the German language.
For more details click here.

Music and Business Management BA (Hons)
⦁ Full-time 3-years
⦁ This course specialises in both music and business management.
For more details click here.

Music and Business Management with a year abroad BA (Hons)
⦁ Full-time 4 years
⦁ This course specialises in both music and business management and offers one year study abroad opportunity.
For more details click here.

Philosophy and Music BA (Hons)
⦁ Full-time 3-years
⦁ The Course will help you to gain in-depth knowledge of philosophy and music.
For more details click here.

Philosophy and Music with Year Abroad BA (Hons)
⦁ Full-time 4-years
⦁ The Course will help you to gain in-depth knowledge of philosophy and music with one year of study abroad opportunity.
For more details click here.

Masters programme

MA International Music Management
⦁ 1 year full-time or 2 years part-time
⦁ The course prepares you for global business management career within the music industry.
For more details click here.

MMus Master of Music (MMus) (Performance, Composition, Musicology, Music Education)
⦁ 1 year full-time or 2 years part-time
⦁ Helps in developing research-based skills.
For more details click here.

Research programme

PhD of Music Research Programmes

5. University of Birmingham

Birmingham University gained the university status by Royal charter in the year 1900. It ranked 14th in the UK and 79th in the QS World University Rankings for 2019. Birmingham University is best for music research and PhD programmes.

Bachelors programme

Mathematics and Music BA (Hons)
⦁ Full-time 3-years
⦁ The course specialises in both math and music.
For more details click here.

Modern Languages and Music BA (Hons)
⦁ Full-time 4-years
⦁ Opportunity to learn French, German, Spanish or Russian alongside music.
For more details click here.

Music BMus (Hons)
⦁ Full-time 3-years
For more details click here.

Masters programme

Music MA: Choral Conducting pathway
⦁ 1 year full-time
⦁ Programme is in association with the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra.
For more details click here.

Music MA: Electroacoustic composition/sonic art pathway
⦁ 1 year full-time & 2 years part-time
For more details click here.

Music MA: Global Popular Musics pathway
⦁ 1 year full-time & 2 years part-time
For more details click here.

Music MA: Instrumental/Vocal Composition pathway
⦁ 1 year full-time & 2 years part-time
For more details click here.

Music MA: Mixed Composition pathway
⦁ 1 year full-time & 2 years part-time
For more details click here.

Music MA: Musicology pathway
⦁ 1 year full-time & 2 years part-time
For more details click here.

Music MA: Open Pathway with Performance
⦁ 1 year full-time & 2 years part-time
For more details click here.

Music MA: Open Pathway without Performance
⦁ 1 year full-time & 2 years part-time
For more details click here.

Music MA: Performance pathway
⦁ 1 year full-time & 2 years part-time
For more details click here.

Music MA: Performance Practice pathway
⦁ 1 year full-time & 2 years part-time
For more details click here.

Research programme

Music Performance Practice PhD/MA
Musical Composition PhD/MA
Musicology PhD/MA by Research

6. University of Glasgow


The University of Glasgow was founded in 1451 and it is the fourth-oldest university in the English-speaking world. The main campus is the Gilmorehill campus, in Hillhead.

Bachelors programme

Music BMus (Hons)
⦁ Full-time 4-years
For more details click here.

Electronics with MusicBEng/MEng
⦁ Electronics with Music BEng : 4 year degree
⦁ Electronics with Music MEng: 5 year degree
For more details click here.

Masters programme

Music Industries MSc
⦁ 1 year full-time & 2 years part-time
⦁ The course provides an opportunity to explore the music industry.
For more details click here.

Sound Design & Audiovisual Practice MSc
⦁ 1 year full-time & 2 years part-time
⦁ Helps to develop an individual portfolio of sonic and audiovisual artwork.
For more details click here.

Composition & Creative Practice MMus
⦁ 1 year full-time & 2 years part-time
⦁ The course enables students to develop their compositional practice.
For more details click here.

Musicology MMus
⦁ 1 year full-time & 2 years part-time
⦁ High chances to get placed in the reputed musical, art or cultural organisation.

For more details click here.

Historically Informed Performance Practice (In Conjunction With RCS) MA

⦁ 1 year full-time & 2 years part-time
⦁ Offers an opportunity to study alongside world-class performer-scholar

For more details click here.

Research programme

Music PhD/MLitt (Research)

7. University of Oxford

The University of Oxford was established in the year 1096 and it is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. The university offers masters programmes in composition, musicology and performance.

Bachelors programme

Music BA (Hons)

  • Full-time 3-years
  • The course covers broad subjects of music and also allows specialisation according to the candidate’s choice.

For more details click here.

Masters programme

Music (Composition) MSt

  • 9 months
  • Offers an excellent preparation for doctoral research

For more details click here.

Music (Musicology) MSt

  • 9 months

For more details click here.

Research programme

Music DPhil

8. University of Leeds

The University of Leeds was affiliated as University in the year 1904. It is the fifth-largest university in the UK. Leeds University offers a few notable bachelors and masters programmes including Music & Music Psychology, Music with Enterprise, Music & Wellbeing.

Bachelors programme

Music (Performance) BMus (Hons)

  • Full-time 4-years

For more details click here.

Music with Enterprise BA (Hons)

  • Full-time 3-years

For more details click here.

Music, Multimedia and Electronics BSc (Hons)

  • Full-time 3-years

For more details click here.

Masters programme

Music and Wellbeing

  • 12 months full-time & 24 months part-time

For more details click here.

Applied Psychology of Music

  • 12 months full-time & 24 months part-time

For more details click here.

Electronic and Computer Music

  • 12 months full-time & 24 months part-time

For more details click here.

Research programme

PhD in Music

9. Royal Holloway, University of London

Royal Holloway became a constituent college of the University of London in the year 1900. The University ranked 24th in the UK according to The Times and Sunday Times Good University Guide 2019. The university has got broad bachelors courses in Music.

Masters programme

Advanced Musical Studies MMus

  • 12 months full-time & 24 months part-time

For more details click here.

Research programme

PhD in Music

10. The University of Edinburgh


The University of Edinburgh was established in the year 1582 and it is the sixth oldest university in the UK. Charles Darwin, Peter Higgs, Bill Gates, Justin Trudeau, Neil Amstrong are just a few notable alumni. The university offers research programmes in Musical Composition and Creative Music Practice.

Bachelors programme

Acoustics and Music Technology BSc (Hons)

  • Full-time 4-years

For more details click here.

Mathematics and Music BSc (Hons)

  • Full-time 4-years

For more details click here.

Music BMus (Hons)

  • Full-time 4-years

For more details click here.

Masters programme

Acoustics and Music Technology MSc

  • 12 months full-time & 24 months part-time

For more details click here.

Composition for Screen MSc

  • 12 months full-time & 24 months part-time

For more details click here.

Sound Design MSc

  • 12 months full-time & 24 months part-time

For more details click here.

Research programme

Music PhD, MScR
Musical Composition PhD
Creative Music Practice PhD

Duplicating Cds or replicating them: which one you should choose

Duplicating Cds or Replicating? Are you planning to release your new album? And confused about what to choose? CD Duplication or CD replication? No worries, we will help you out.
CDs have never been outdated ever since it introduced into the media market, even new edition cars still have inbuilt CD players. Up to an extent, CD sales play a major role in generating a decent revenue for the musicians across the world. You can read the article “4 reasons why CDs are still relevant” in here.

The purpose of replicating CDs and duplicating them is the same but the process is different, rather say a blurred line separating these two. And understanding the processes will help you decide which one is suitable for your needs.
If you are fascinated about CD’s history, Philips has got a great article on “The History Of The CD“. Check that out.

Replicating CDs

Replication is a CD manufacturing process where discs are moulded from melted polycarbonate plastic with the music or video content on it.
How is it done? It is through a process called mastering. Mastering is the process of etching small holes, whenever binary 1’s occurs, on an optical grade glass coated with the light-sensitive chemical.

Then the glass is dipped in a Nickel solution, so it gets electroplated. After peeling off the excess nickel, edges trimmed, and the centre is punched, it becomes a stamper. The stamper is the negative of the original content. Then the stamper gets mounted on the mould cavity of the Injection moulding machine. The machine makes replicas of CD which has the content on it within 2 – 3 seconds.
The CD replicating process can be done when more than thousands of copies needed. Usually, filmmakers or music producers or band seeks CD replication technique.

Replication, otherwise termed as CD production, where the CDs are produced alongside burning with contents. Replication services are available everywhere, hence more chances of getting it ready in the short-run and at a cheaper price.

Duplicating CDs

When the replicas of the CD requires in hundreds, then go for duplicating CDs. Here high-quality blank CDs are purchased and using burning software the contents get burned on it.
CD duplication technique is more cost-effective for smaller batches. If you need to get the CDs ready quickly, then duplication is the best choice because it has a shorter turnaround time.

From the perspective of sound or video quality, there isn’t any difference between the two processes. Duplicating Cds is a new technology, so the replicas produced by duplication technique might not play in old players. Though it happens infrequently.

To avoid such problems, VP Online uses the very highest quality blank discs. We ensure the satisfaction of our customers.

CD and DVD duplication could be done at home, but to avoid unnecessary mistakes while doing so, you better have it done by the experts. For the best CD and DVD duplication services in the UK, connect with us. We provide better quality duplication services at a comparatively cheaper rate and short turnaround time.

Make a CD: 4 Lucid reasons why you should hire an expert.

Make a CD: 4 Lucid reasons why you should hire an expert. 1
Why not invite your guests with a fun Birthday CD?

The process to make a cd is technically known as CD duplication. It can be done at home, but the process is easier said than done. Seeking an expert service has many advantages over DIY. Here are 4 reasons why you should hire an expert for making your CD.

Make a CD: Can I achieve professional Quality?

Doing the CD duplication yourself and getting it done from the experts have lots of differences. Indeed, the quality of work will be high when it is prepared by experts. Many errors might occur and damage the content of the CD when you do it at home.

Which means you would have to start it all again. PC World has written an informative article on top 5 disc burning mistakes, you can read it here.
Experts can foresee the problems that might occur while doing the task. They always keep an eye out for those possible errors. You do not have to worry about the quality if you hire professionals to do the job.

Selection of CDs.

Do you know there are a wide variety of different CDs available in the market? There are different types of CD’s used to achieve different outputs. Data CDs are used to store data files for software installation on your computer; while an audio CD is used for storing music files.

Then again there are different formats of audio files like wav, mp3, etc. And each format requires a certain codec for it to be converted to another format. A first time user could find it arduous to navigate through the plethora of issues associated with the process.

In such cases, professional aid will be inevitable. To know more about the Do’s and Don’ts of making a CD, read LifeWire’s article. Even though all CDs look similar, how can you distinguish between a better CD and best CD? One criterion is by looking at the purple shade of CD. More purple, better it is. There are a few other factors that determine the quality of CDs. Only an expert service could bring you that.

Time-Saving

If you are a budding artist, you have to spend your precious time in building your career. To make hundreds of CD yourself at home takes a large chunk of your time. And when you try to do it quickly, the quality would dwindle. 
Your time and energy is better spent in other critical factors that would enhance your career, while entrusting the process for making a CD to expert CD Duplication companies. As we say, the first impression is the best impression. 

Then what you are waiting for, find the CD burning service near you now to make a cd. There
 

Cost-effective

We always believe doing things yourself at home cost less. It is partly true, but often, it costs us more than we expect. Same with CD duplication, you need to buy hundreds of CDs, a program to duplicate those and need to print images on CDs.

All these cost more than paying an expert to do it. Expert agencies buy CDs in bulk amount and get a discount on the purchases. They have the best quality programme to duplicate CDs.

Know the best CD burning software here.

For the best CD and DVD duplication, replication and printing services in the UK, consider using VP Online. We can offer you quality services that suit your budget.

Our services also include CD packaging, DVD packaging and artwork.
Get an Instant Quote Online to get started with your media project. Quick turnaround times guaranteed.

For CD duplication price details, click here.

6 Top paid music careers in the UK

According to the 2018 report around 145,815 individuals were employed full time in music careers in the UK music industry.

Apart from sparkling careers like the lyricist, song composer, music producer, there are various other possibilities open for music lovers.

Have you ever thought only a musician or those who have a sophisticated knowledge of music could work in the music industry? The fact is musicians receive only a meagre percentage of revenue the music industry makes. Most of the highest paying jobs are done by non-musicians.

6 highest paid music careers in the UK:

1. Promoters and Marketers

If you enjoy doing creative work, you would love this job. The main aim of a social media marketer is to promote the concert, other music shows etc through social media. You can’t be a promoter overnight. You should have a grassroots level of knowledge on the music taste of people in your area. You then need to find an artist that will help you get public exposure. An experienced person could earn £12,000 to £60,000, bigger agencies and artists could pay more. Promotion and marketing of music is one of the most lucrative of the music careers currently.

2. Music publisher

Music publishers safeguard the songs from piracy. They issue copyright contracts to use the music commercially. So one of the primary roles of the publisher is to secure released recordings, CDs, and tapes of the songs it controls. A music publisher could earn £15,000 to £ 7,00,000.

3. Media producer

A media producer supervises and evaluates the effective use of audio, video print and digital content for the music promotional purposes. They manage a set of media production services including, black & white / colour printing, duplication, binding, edit recording and processes media to variable formats (DVD, CD or data file). A media producer could earn £ 25,000 to £ 1,00,000.

4. Concert Producers

As its name signifies, a person who coordinates a concert from planning the event to estimating the financial gain/loss. One of the best qualities a concert producer should have is organising skills. For organising a concert, they could get £ 30,000 to £ 90,000.

5. Sound Designer

Their job is to design music tracks that uplift the aesthetic of films, TV shows, etc. Sound designers have got many career options, they could work as a sound designer in the media industry or in a theatre or in the video gaming field. An experienced sound designer could earn £ 25,000 to £ 80,000.

6. Video Game Composer

Video game composer composes soundtrack apt for games. In the earlier times, the gaming industry used to use simple pieces of music, but as the gaming graphics advances, there is a hike in demand for the sophisticated soundtrack. A video game composer could earn £ 23,000 to £ 60,000.

Over the years, the music industry has constantly adapted to emerging technologies. Integration of music with technologies has widened the job opportunities as well.

Author Bio – This is a guest post by Katie Mason on behalf of VP Online.